Anxiety Disorders are categorized as Seperation Anxiety Disorder, Selective Mutism, Specific Phobia, Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia), Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Before delving deep into those types, we should make sense of what an anxious moment may or may not mean. Visualize this mechanism as a basic warning measure that people use as part of our fight or flight survival reaction to any possibly life-threatening condition. High anxiety temperature, make someone perceive himself to be in real danger irrespective of the actual circumstances. Classic physiologic and/or psychological symptoms, may make people feel beyond one’s conscious control. Experiencing typical chest pain, nausea, sweating, dizziness, and palpitations of the heart consistent with symptoms of a panic attack is typical at this condition. Psychological symptoms of intense worry, or of a sense of doom may accompany mentioned symptoms. This panic could develop as an obsessive concern about the scale of any given action in that moment. These types of symptoms would be diagnosable, through the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Daily, we encounter potentially less symptomatic, and hypothetically adaptive roles of anxiety. These conditions may fit more to a person’s character, or to the way people has grew over time.
Loneliness, dependency, anger, sadness, fear, or just needing to be in control of a situation may be linked to anxiety. These emotional states may, thus, be closely linked to a behavior aimed to respond to the given anxiety, which then describes itself, as a character attribute over time. Isolation may lead to substance abuse; anger may lead to aggression; or dependency may lead to clinging. These less severe conditions may influence a life significantly. Finally, at the lower level anxiety, one feel free, carefree, joyful, festive, happy, and calm— the feeling that life is safe and possibly well at that moment, and that no instant danger is at hand.
What is the Difference between Anxiety and Fear?
The dissimilarity between anxiety and fear is an important division. Anxiety assists as the body’s cautionary system—the brain’s method to inform the body that something bad could occur. This reaction relates to but is dissimilar from fear, which warns us when something truly hazardous is happening or is just about to happen. Most of the time, people appear to grow into anxiousness about happenings in the present based, in part, upon sincerely fearful circumstances from their past. The fear of today can lead to the anxiety of tomorrow. This phenomenon lets us to reason about anxiety as a form of recalling prior traumas, losses, or noteworthy life events.
One noteworthy feature of the new DSM-5 chapter on anxiety disorders is the use of a correspondingly organized set of diagnostic criteria for many of these disorders. A first criterion frequently highlights that there is a marked fear or anxiety about one or another condition, consistent with a literature distinguishing the phenomenology and psychobiology of these two constructs. Succeeding criteria may underline that these situations incite fear or anxiety and that these situations are evaded or endured with strong fear or anxiety, consistent with a literature underscoring that fear/anxiety and avoidance have a diverse neurocircuitry and that both deserve treatment. There is no longer the obligation in specific phobia and social anxiety that persons over the age of 18 diagnose their anxiety as excessive or unreasonable, consistent with a growing acknowledgement that insight in anxiety and related disorders can be impaired or absent.
An extent criterion in many of the anxiety disorders records that the fear, anxiety, or avoidance is persistent, characteristically lasting at least 6 months. While it has been claimed that there is value to agreeing for the shorter duration of some anxiety disorders, the 6-month criterion perhaps helps distinguish these conditions from adjustment or other more temporary disorders. A clinical criterion characteristically highlights that the fear, anxiety, or avoidance causes clinically substantial distress or impairment. A medical omission criterion may be that the fear, anxiety, or avoidance is not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance or another medical condition. Lastly, a psychiatric exclusion criterion may remind that the fear, anxiety, or avoidance is not explained better by the symptoms of alternative mental disorder.
The benefit of DSM’s checklist perhaps lies in giving the clinician cautious reminders about the significance of including key defining symptoms and excluding critically vital medical and psychiatric conditions, therefore guaranteeing that appropriate differential diagnoses are thoroughly considered. The assessment of fear, anxiety, and avoidance symptoms also delivers the clinician a valuable framework for initiating a complete and treatment plan.
Separation anxiety disorder and selective mutism are now incorporated as anxiety disorders in DSM V. This is consistent with a body of new research on the importance of these conditions and their links to other anxiety conditions. There is a differentiation of panic disorder and agoraphobia, and it is underlined that the occurrence of panic attacks can be a specifier applicable to all DSM-5 disorders.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Much of anxiety is caused by a fundamental fear of loneliness or being left by individuals close to us. This separation anxiety begins in childhood, as the child splits from his/her mother and acquires the skills to traverse the world. A child who separates from his mother to return securely and receive a welcome back absorbs to feel that separation can be safe. If the child’s departure from the mother threatens the mother, yet, a diverse reaction arises. Maybe she feels so dependent and needy herself that the child’s departure crashes her sense of security. Children of such mothers may get a yell or spank in reaction to their explorations or as a function of their caretaker’s anxiety. The theory is that these children acquire that departure can create a specific kind of anxiety in their keeper and obtain not to leave as a way to guard themselves and their caretakers.
These responses to separation are far better to early desertion by the mother. Early abandonment leads to permanent nerve, brain, and personality damage. Rat pups detached from their mothers at birth but then reunified after a while have much higher levels of stress; monkeys fed by a machine mother permanently brain damaged.
Separation shows up in many adult symptoms. Patients can experience their first attacks of anxiety, depression, eating disorders, or drug abuse as they depart home for college. In therapy, separation from the therapist become a main factor of analysis, as patients often develop strong responses like sadness or feelings of inadequacy, or relapses into drug abuse or sexual promiscuity before a separation from the therapist